According to existing material evidence discovered so far, it was confirmed that the New Year’s Eve on January 1, for the first time in a festive and ritual way, celebrated the Old Romans. For them, this celebration was the symbol of the beginning of the new life, full of good hopes for the future. This day they dedicated to Janus, the god of good things, and new beginnings. There are even rumors that the ancient Romans devoted Jan. 1 to Julius Caesar’s life, which died shortly before January.
But there are also researchers who think that the celebration of New Year’s Eve was initially applied by the Chinese.
The old Germans believed that the fir tree is the protector of nature and possesses the “mountain spirit”. So, the brave warriors of that time, on the evening of new year eve went to the mountain. They, with rituals, blessed and praised this trunk. Later, going to the mountain to the trunk of the fir tree turned into bringing it to the houses. Thus, at this time, from this ancient tradition, we have inherited the ceremony of decorated fir trees in our homes. This, as a family ritual of every home everywhere in the world.
Celebration and Lunar Calendar.
Although peoples celebrate this holiday with confidence in a new and good beginning, they do not celebrate it all at the same date. Some peoples apply the Lunar calendar (the Moon’s rotation calculation). Some others apply the Solar calendar. (Sun rotation calculation).
Compared to the solar calendar, which is fixed and unchanged for 365 days, those peoples who set their calendar according to Lunar cycle (Monday) New Year’s Eve each year is not celebrated on the same day. Because, as if it is known, the moon cycles are variable. So, the moment of the new year is celebrated with the beginning of the new moon. Broadly in the month of February of our calendar year.
The Lunar New Year, today, is more celebrated in China, India, Japan, and Vietnam. As well as in several other countries of the East. For the Chinese, Lunar New Year is the spring holiday.
In Japan, this celebration is celebrated with delighted tables full of traditional specialties. At midnight of new year eve, 108 bells ring from all Buddhist temples across the country. The symbolism of 108, implies a warning and a message about the removal of 108 possible human sins in life.
Even in the Jewish people, the New Year celebrates it magnificently. It is also a religious lesson as a spiritual celebration marking the anniversary of the beginning of the creation of the World. At these, holiday dates are variable due to the application of the combined solar-solar calendar.
Another thing is characteristic of the New Year’s Jewish celebration. Those, at the time of new year eve, have a really full table. But, in contrast to other peoples, it is only served with sweet things. So, their table the rich is blissful only with desserts.
In the warm areas of the southern semicircle of our world, the New Year is celebrated in the summer season. Without the snow and the winter wonders we are used to seeing in the northern parts. But it does not reduce the greatness of the pompousness of its celebration.